Take A Look At 3 Other Theories Explaining Acupuncture & How it Works:
1. “Endorphin” Theory:
Studies have indicated that acupuncture causes a release of endorphins, which is the neurotransmitter responsible for pain relief and the "runner's high" post run. On the other hand, other studies have made no correlation between endorphin release and acupuncture. Either way, this theory only explains how acupuncture treats conditions of pain...
2. “Gate Control” Theory:
Another theory the explains how acupuncture treats pain is the "Gate Control" idea. This particular thought was developed by Ronald Melzack and Patrick Wall back in the 60s. They argued that the central nervous system (spinal cord) has a neurological "gate" that can allow or block the transmission of pain sensation to the brain. But unlike an actual gate, this spinal cord's "gate" does not just open and close - either allowing or preventing entrance...instead it permits passage of based on the size of the nerve fiber sending the signal. Small fiber signals are permitted to pass, while large ones are not. This theory is how some explain the phenomenon of phantom pain, as well as chronic lasting pain. Again, like the "Endorphin" Theory, the "Gate Control" Theory also only touches on how acupuncture hand help with pain management.
3. “Nerve-Reflex” Theory:
The "Nerve-Reflex" Theory suggests that there is a close relationship between the peripheral and autonomic nervous system - connecting the skin to the internal organs. Basically what this theory is trying to convey is that if you were to have some sort of internal-organ disease, it would manifest somehow/somewhere on your flesh. Therefore when an acupuncturist sees these tangible, physical changes on your skin, they can treat it to treat the distressed organ.
This theory in particular may explain how acupuncture/pressure points were established in the first place...